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Polikarpov

Nikolai Nikolaevich Polikarpov was a Soviet aeronautical engineer and aircraft designer who graduated in 1916 and went to work for Igor Sikorski, the head of production at the Russian Baltic Carriage Factory. Polikarpov helped design the massive Ilya Muromets four-engine bomber for the Imperial Russian Air Force. Polikarpov rose to become head of the technical department of the Dux Aircraft factory in 1923. He was responsible for some of the first indigenous aircraft designs in the Soviet Union during the 1920s including the I-1 fighter (1923), R-1 reconnaissance plane (1927), U-2 utility biplane (1927–1928), I-3 fighter (1928) and R-5 reconnaissance bomber (1928). His most notable design was the U-2 Kukuruznik, which still remains the second most produced aircraft of the world, better known today as the Po-2. In 1929, Polikarpov and about 450 other aircraft designers and engineers were arrested on trumped up charges of sabotage and counter-revolutionary activities. Polikarpov was sentenced to death. In December, after 2 months waiting for execution, he was transferred to a Special Design Bureau of OGPU set at Butyrka prison and had his sentence changed to 10 years of forced labor. Polikarpov and the others were moved to the Central Design Bureau 39 (TsKB-39) to complete the I-5 project. After the new design was seen to be successful, the sentence was made conditional, and in 1931 he was granted amnesty together with a group of other convicts. It was not until de-Stalinization in 1956, that these charges were formally dropped – 12 years after Polikarpov's death. In 1938, he established an independent design bureau and completed work on the I-153 the next year. In 1939, he was ordered to visit Germany. In his absence, his plant director and chief engineer, along with design engineer Mikhail Gurevich submitted a proposal for a new fighter, the I-200, and received approval to create a new Design Bureau under the leadership of Artem Mikoyan, whose brother Anastas Mikoyan was a senior politician under Joseph Stalin (see MiG). On his return, Polikarpov found that his Bureau no longer existed, with his engineers at the new MiG bureau and his plant given over to the Sukhoi bureau. He was subsequently appointed professor at the Moscow Aviation Institute in 1943, but died in 1944.
Polikarpov CSS-13 HA-PAO: Polikarpov CSS-13. Polish-built version of the famous Po-2, manufactured in 1954. It is an ...
Polikarpov Po-2 N46GU During a BAES trip around Washington State, we were privileged to inspect the aircraft in Paul G All...
Polikarpov Po-2W F-AZDB This Russian aircraft, of which many thousands were built, was photographed at La Ferte Alais on 14 ...
Polikarpov I-15 02089 Photographed at Flying Legends on 10 July 2005. This is the only I-15 in existence, the first of whi...
Tchaïka close up. Close up of engine and blade of Polikarpov I-153 Tchaïka in Paris Air & Space Museum.
Polikarpov I-15bis Chato replica "CA-125" Photographed at the Museo Del Aire, Cuatro Vientos, Madrid, on 3 March 2012.
Polikarpov I-16 replica "CM-260/C8-25" Photographed at the Museo Del Aire, Cuatro Vientos, Madrid, on 3 March 2012. Nicknamed as the 'Mosca...
Polikarpov I-16 replica "CM-260/C8-25" Photographed at the Museo Del Aire, Cuatro Vientos, Madrid, on 3 March 2012. See also picture #15545...
Polikarpov I-15bis Chato replica "A4-103/32-2" Photographed at the Museo Del Aire, Cuatro Vientos, Madrid, on 3 March 2012.
CSS-13 Polikarpov Po-2 Kukuruznik CSS-13 Polikarpov Po-2 Kukuruznik (Nato name Mule), SP-BHA. Seen on display at the Prague Aviatio...
Czech aircraft SP-BHA Photo of the CSS-13 Polikarpov Po-2 Kukuruznik (Nato name Mule), SP-BHA. Seen on display at the P...
Polikarpov UTI-4 UT-1 Soviet 2-seat fighter trainer photographed on 25 June 2012 in the Finnish Aviation Museum at Vantaa,...

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