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Lockheed

The Lockheed Corporation (originally Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company) was an American aerospace company. Lockheed was founded in 1912 and later merged with Martin Marietta to form Lockheed Martin in 1995. The Alco Hydro-Aeroplane Company had been established in 1912 by the brothers Allan and Malcolm Loughead, but was soon renamed the Loughead Aircraft Manufacturing Company and located in Santa Barbara, California. Loughead failed in 1926, and Allan Loughead formed the Lockheed Aircraft Company in Hollywood. In 1929, Lockheed sold out to Detroit Aircraft Corporation, but that company went bankrupt due to the Depression. A syndicate bought the failed company which became the Lockheed Corporation, with its headquarters at the airport in Burbank, California. The first successful series production aircraft (141 built) was the Vega. Then came the Model 10 Electra, a small twin-engine transport, folloed by other Electra variants. The Model 14 formed the basis for the Hudson bomber, supplied to both the British Royal Air Force and the United States military before and during WW2. At the beginning of WW2, Lockheed – under the guidance of Clarence (Kelly) Johnson, one of the best known American aircraft designers – submitted the P-38 Lightning fighter as an interceptor, which became the only American fighter aircraft in production throughout American WW2 involvement. All told, Lockheed and its subsidiary Vega produced 19,278 aircraft during WW2, including 2,600 Venturas, 2,750 B-17 Flying Fortresses (built under license from Boeing), 2,900 Hudsons, and 9,000 Lightnings. During WW2 the L-049 Constellation, a radical new airliner, was developed. In 1943, Lockheed began secret development of a new jet fighter at Burbank. This was the P-80 Shooting Star, which became the first American jet fighter to score a kill. In 1954, the C-130 Hercules appeared. The Advanced Development Division, more commonly known as the Skunk Works, produced such aircraft as the U-2 (late 1950s), SR-71 Blackbird (1962) and F-117 Nighthawk stealth fighter (1978). The F-104 Starfighter came in the late 1950s, the world's first Mach 2 fighter jet. In the early 1960s, the company introduced the C-141 Starlifter four-engine jet transport. During the 1960s, Lockheed began development for two large aircraft: the C-5 Galaxy military transport and the L-1011 TriStar wide-body civil airliner. In 1993 General Dynamics' Fort Worth aircraft division was acquired, builder of the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Many of the Lockheed Divisions continue to operate within Lockheed Martin after a merger in 1995 with Martin Marietta.
Lockheed S-3B Lockheed S-3B, Bu.# 160144, VS-30. Location: NAS North Island, California (USA).
Lockheed F-117A Lockheed F-117A S/N 84-0827, 49FW 8FS. Location: Indian Springs, NV (USA).
Lockheed F-22 (F/A-22) Lockheed F-22 (F/A-22) S/N 91-0003, 412TW 411FATS. Location: Edwards Air Force Base, CA Califor...
Lockheed P-3A N922AU Lockheed P-3A (Aero Union). Location: Hemet, CA (USA). Photo taken Jul. 6 1997.
Hercules Belgium Aircomponent The CH-09, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, of the Belgium Air component.
RCAF Lockheed CP-140 Lockheed CP-140, Bu.#140113, 14 Wing, Royal Canadian Air Force. Photo taken at NASNI, CA (USA), ...
F-104G on the pole This Lockheed F-104G Starfighter (2086) is located in the Wittmund barraks of 71 FW. Wittmund AB ...
F-104G Starfighter Still on its own feet stands this F-104G (2485) in one of the hangars at Wittmund AB (Germany).
F-22 Raptor, F-15 and P51 Mustang These photo was taken April of this year in Lakeland, Fl during the Sun N Fun Fly In. The F22's wher...
Hercules Royal Airforce This Hercules was seen at the Leuchars airshow in 2004.
U2 Spy Plane U2a Spy Plane on display at the SAC Museum, Omaha NE (USA).
SR-71 Another picture of the Lockeed SR-71 at Duxford (UK).

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