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Tupolev

The Tupolev OKB (design bureau) was founded by Andrei Nikolayevich Tupolev in 1922. It researched all-metal airplanes during the 1920s, based directly on the pioneering work already done by Hugo Junkers during WW1. In WW2 II, the twin-engined, all-metal Tu-2 was one of the best front-line bombers of the Soviets. Several variants of it were produced in large numbers from 1942. In 1945, three B-29 Superfortresses landed in Soviet territory after missions over Japan. They were quickly copied by the design bureau and formed the basis of the first Soviet intercontinental strategic bomber, the Tu-4, which first flew in 1947 and was produced in substantial numbers. This was succeeded by the development of the jet-powered Tu-16 bomber. Then came the Tu-20, more commonly referred to as the Tu-95. It was powered by 4 colossal Kuznetsov NK-12 turboprop engines. The Tu-16 was developed into the civil Tu-104. The Tu-95 became the basis of the unique Tu-114 medium-to-long-range airliner, the fastest turboprop aircraft ever. The Tu-105 evolved into the supersonic Tu-22 bomber in the mid-1960s, which was intended as a counterpart to the Convair B-58 Hustler. n the 1960s A. N. Tupolev's son, A. A. Tupolev, became active with management of the agency. His role included the development of the world's first supersonic airliner, the Tu-144, the popular Tu-154 airliner and the Tupolev Tu-22M strategic bomber. In the 1970s, Tupolev concentrated its efforts on improving the performance of the Tu-22M bombers, whose variants included maritime versions. With the end of the Cold War, research work was concentrated on subsonic civil aircraft, mainly on operating economics and alternative fuels. The developments include fly-by-wire, use of efficient high-bypass turbofans and advanced aerodynamic layouts for the 21st century transport aircraft such as the Tu-204/Tu-214, Tu-330 and Tu-334.
Tupolev Tu-154M Pulkovo Aviation RA-85767 Tupolev Tu-154M Pulkovo Aviation. Location: Tenerife (TFS)
01/05/04 Tupolev TU-154 RA-85149 One of my top ten favourite aircraft types - The Tupolev TU-154, seen here in Aeroflot-Don colours a...
Tupolev Tu-144 The supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 was put for a short time in service at Aeroflot, although it was produ...
UR-65556 Ukraine Air Enterprise A very nice visitor to Rotterdam airport. A Tupolev Tu-134A-3 from Ukraine Air Enterprise.
Tupolev Tu-154 Ceska Republica 1016 Photographed leaving Gothenburg Landvetter airport on 5 August 2006. I believe that the Czech Govern...
Tupolev Tu-2S bomber (modified) at Krakow Photographed on 12 August 2008 in the Polish Aviation Museum (Muzeum Lotnictwa Polskiego Intytucya K...
Tupolev Tu-154M RA-85629 at Nice Photographed at Nice Cote d'Azur airport on 10 March 2004. Rossiya Russian airline. C/n 87A-758.
Tupolev Tu-144D/LL RA-77114 Photographed on 21 August 2009 in open storage at Zhukovsky, near Moscow, during the MAKS 2009 Exhib...
Tupolev Tu-144D CCCP-77115 Photographed on 21 August 2009 on display at Zhukovsky, near Moscow, during the MAKS 2009 Exhibition...
Tupolev Tu-154M of Avialinii 400 Air Charter Photographed at the VARZ-400 Repair facility at Vnukovo, Russia on 20 August 2009. This is I believ...
Russian national football team emblem Photographed at the VARZ-400 Repair facility at Vnukovo, Russia on 20 August 2009. This is I believ...
Tupolev Tu-154M EP-MCO Photographed at the VARZ-400 repair facility, Vnukovo, Russia on 20 August 2009. Previously RA-8583...

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