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Fokker (Netherlands)

In 1919, Fokker returned to the Netherlands and founded a new company near Amsterdam called Nederlandse Vliegtuigenfabriek (Dutch Aircraft Factory), carefully concealing the Fokker name because of his WWI involvement in Germany. After relocation, vast numbers of Fokker C.I and C.IV military aircraft were delivered to Russia, Romania and the still clandestine German air-force. On the commercial market there was development of the Fokker F.VII. Fokker continued to design and build military aircraft, to the Dutch air force along with Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, Hungary, and Italy, all of which bought large numbers of the Fokker C.V reconnaissance aircraft, Fokker's main success in the latter part of the 1920s and early 1930s. In 1923 Anthony Fokker moved to the United States, where he established the Atlantic Aircraft Corporation, in 1927 being renamed Fokker Aircraft Corporation of America. In 1930 this company merged with General Motors Corporation and the company's new name would be General Aviation Manufacturing Corporation (which in turn merged with North American Aviation and was divested by GM in 1948). A year later, Fokker resigned and on 23 December 1939, died in New York City. In WW2 the Fokker factories were confiscated by the Germans and were used to build Bücker Bü 181 Bestmann trainers and parts for the Junkers Ju 52 transport. At the end of the war, the factories were completely stripped by the Germans and destroyed by Allied bombing. A new factory was built next to Schiphol Airport near Amsterdam in 1951. A number of military planes were built there under licence, among them the Gloster Meteor and Lockheed F-104 Starfighter. A second production and maintenance facility was established at Woensdrecht. In 1958 the F-27 Friendship was introduced, Fokker's most successful post-war airliner. In 1969, Fokker agreed to an alliance with Bremen-based Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke (VFW), but this collaboration ended in 1980. F-16s were assembled at Fokker. After a brief and unsuccessful collaboration effort with McDonnell Douglas in 1981, Fokker began an ambitious project to develop the Fokker 50 and Fokker 100. However development costs were allowed to spiral out of control, almost forcing Fokker out of business in 1987 before being bailed out by the Dutch government but demanding that Fokker look for a "strategic partner", British Aerospace and DASA being named most likely candidates. In 1992 Fokker signed an agreement with DASA, but this did not solve Fokker's problems, mostly because DASA's parent company Daimler-Benz also had to deal with its own organisational problems. In 1996, Daimler-Benz decided to focus on its core automobile business and cut its ties with Fokker. 3 months later the Fokker company was declared bankrupt.
F-16 RNLAF Two F-16A fighter jets ready for take-off. The picture is made on a sunny day at the Volkel Airforce...
Fokker 50 VLM A Fokker 50 from the Belgium firm VLM.
Fokker 50 RNLAF A Fokker 50 of the Royal Netherlands Air Force.
Fokker 50 KLM A Fokker 50 from the KLM, landing at Rotterdam airport.
VLM Fokker 50 VLM Fokker 50 on the tarmac at Rotterdam airport.
Fokker 70 PH-KBX PH-KBX, a Fokker 70 is the last real Dutch government aircraft. The Fokker 70 did replace the Fokker...
PH-PRB Fokker PH-PRB is a Fokker 50 and not a Fokker F27, owned by Aircraft Financing and Trading B.V.
Fokker 27 Finnish Airforce This F-27 from the Finnish Airforce is on a approach at Leeuwarden airforce base.
Gulfstream and Fokker You can see here two planes from the Royal Netherlands Airforce. A Gulfstream IV from the 334 Sqn, a...
Finish F-27 FF-3 A Fokker F-27 from the Finnish Air Force, more pictures on www.virtual-twenthe.nl
Fokker F-27 NLM You can see here a Fokker F-27 in the traditional livery of the NLM.
Fokker S-11 Instructor One of the S-11 Instructors of the 'Fokker Four' display team. The S-11's are based at Lelystad Air...

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