Aéroplanes Morane-Saulnier is a French aircraft manufacturing company formed in 1911 by Raymond Saulnier and the Morane brothers, Leon and Robert at Puteaux, near Paris. Initial production was of the Model A, a continuation of a monoplane design produced by the previous Morane company (sometimes called Morane-Borel), in which Jules Védrines won the Paris-Madrid race on May 26, 1911. The first commercially successful design was the Morane-Saulnier G, which led to the development of a whole series of aircraft. The early designs were braced monoplanes, followed by various parasol monoplanes and then biplanes. From 1920 the company concentrated on radial-engined parasol-wing fighters and trainers. The M.S.406 was the Armée de l'Air's most numerous fighter at the start of the war, but was no match for the more modern Messerschmitt Bf 109s it faced in 1940. During WW2, Morane-Saulnier was under German control and built a number of German types including the Fieseler Storch, known after the war as the Morane-Saulnier MS.500 Criquet. Morane-Saulnier also produced a number of trainer and civilian aircraft models, the best known of which was the successful "Rallye" series of four-seat STOL semi-aerobatic tourers. Morane-Saulnier was purchased by Potez in 1962 and became SEEMS, the Societe d'Exploitation des Etablissements Morane-Saulnier. In 1966 its civilian models were spun off to form SOCATA, the Societe de Construction d'Avions de Tourisme et d'Affaires, which was eventually purchased by Aérospatiale.